The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Convention against Corruption in 2003. The objectives of the Convention are to promote measures that will prevent and combat corruption efficiently and effectively and to encourage and enhance international cooperation. The Convention is structured around four fundamental components of tackling corruption on an international scale.
- Preventive Measures
- International Cooperation
- Asset Recovery
Ireland was one of 94 States who signed the UN Convention against Corruption in Merida, Mexico in 2003. The Government of Ireland is fully committed to its implementation and Irish Government delegations have participated in the Conferences of States Parties. The International community is strengthening its efforts to implement the UN Convention and it entered into force on 14 December 2005. Ireland ratified the Convention in November 2011.
The United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) was ratified in November 2011. It is a comprehensive anti-corruption convention, covering a wide range of offences, including domestic and foreign bribery, embezzlement, trading in influence, as well as the concealment and laundering of the proceeds of corruption.
As part of the Convention, Member States are also party to the Review Mechanism. The UNCAC Review Mechanism is a peer review process. Two review cycles of five years are envisaged, the current, which commenced in 2010, is reviewing Chapters III and IV of the Convention – Criminalisation and Law Enforcement and International Cooperation. The second cycle, due to commence in 2016, will review Chapter II on Preventative Measures and Chapter V on Asset Recovery
Ireland has completed its review under the first cycle.
As part of the process, an onsite visit by the Evaluation Team took place in Dublin from 15 September 2014 to 19 September 2014. The team met with Public Officials and Representatives from civil society concerned with areas under review. Following the evaluation of Ireland’s implementation of Chapters III (Criminalization and law enforcement) and IV (International Cooperation ) under the Review Mechanism, the Country Report has been made available by the UN Secretariat and can be accessed here